Inculpatory evidence Evidence indicating that a defendant did commit the crime. In camera Latin, meaning in a judge’s chambers.
Don’t guess the meaning of a term. Know it.
Now providing more information than ever before, this edition features recommended web links for many entries, as well as including a list of general links in the end matter. Statement of intention A declaration made by a chapter 7 debtor concerning plans for dealing with consumer debts that are secured by property of the estate. Redemption A procedure in a Chapter 7 case whereby a debtor removes a secured creditor’s lien on collateral by paying the creditor the value of the property. Priority The Bankruptcy Code’s statutory ranking of unsecured claims that determines the order in which unsecured claims will be paid if there is not enough money to pay all unsecured claims in full. Petit jury A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of at least six persons.
Rule applies to more restricted or specific situations. ˈlawless adjective paying no attention to, and not keeping, the law.
The laws are very strict → Les lois sont très sévères. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The advocacy of revision, especially in relation to court decisions. The rights or legal status of the first born in a family. The rights or legal status of the last child bom in a family. A lawyer whose practice is of a small or petty character; a lawyer of little importance.
Judges will generally “follow precedent” – meaning that they use the principles established in earlier cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedent if a party can show that the earlier case was wrongly decided, or that it differed in some significant way from the current case.
Treatment may include psychiatric, psychological, and sex offense-specific evaluations, inpatient or outpatient counseling, and medication. Liquidated claim A creditor’s claim for a fixed amount of money. Jurisdiction The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. It also is used as a synonym for venue, meaning the geographic area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to decide cases. Information A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor.
Assume An agreement to continue performing duties under a contract or lease. Article III judge A federal judge who is appointed for life, during “good behavior,” under Article III of the Constitution. Article III judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Read more about legal commentaries here. Amicus curiae Latin for “friend of the court.” It is advice formally offered to the court in a brief filed by an entity interested in, but not a party to, the case. These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word ‘law.’ Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Schools are required by law to provide a safe learning environment. She has proposed a new law to protect people from being evicted unfairly.